5 Common Mistakes in Russian

Profile PictureFlag
Yevgheniy GuzanovРусский
1 сентября 2017 г.
598
2 минуты

1. Не. / n'e / or / n'i /?


Mistake:


не чита́ю \
не люблю́ \
не он \
не она́

I often hear students read "не" separately from the word and pronounce it as "nje" or "n'e". It's a mistake.

Listen to it here

Explanation:

The particle "не" is always unstressed and is always read together with the following word making one phonetic word.

Correct usage:


не чита́ю / n'ichitAju / \
не люблю́ / n'il'ubl'U / \
не он / n'iOn / \
не она́ / n'ianA /

Listen to it here

Exceptions:

\
не́ был / n'Ebɨl / \
не была́ / nibɨlA /* \
не́ было / n'Ebɨla /

не́ были / n'Ebɨli /

*не была́ " is not an exception, it follows the general rule.


Listen to it here

2. Unstressed "о".


Mistake:


молоко́ / molokO / \
под столо́м / potstolOm / \
дожди́ /dozhd'I /


Listen to it here

Explanation:

Vowels can be either stressed or unstressed. The unstressed vowels undergo the reduction effects. One of the most important quality reduction effects is called "А́канье": Unstressed letter "о" should be read as / а /.

Correct usage:


молоко́ / malakO / \
под столо́м / patstalOm /* \
дождь / dOsht' /

But : \
дожди́ / dazhd'I /


Listen to it here

*The preposition "под" (as the overwhelming majority of prepositions) gets connected to the following word and makes one phonetic word. Consequently (considering the fact that there can be only one stress in a word) "под" is unstressed and we apply "Аканье effect". And / д / becomes / т / because of the following unvoiced "c".

3. Потому́ что.


Mistake:


Потому́ что он не позвони́л мне, я забы́ла купи́ть о́вощи.

Explanation:


The conjunction "потому́ что" cannot begin the sentence.

Correct usage:


Я забы́ла купи́ть о́вощи, потому́ что он не позвони́л мне.\
Так как он не позвони́л мне, я забы́ла купи́ть о́вощи.

4. Вчера́, Все, Всё, Всегда́, Вто́рник, etc.


Mistake:


Вчера́ / vichirA / \
Все / vis'E /\
Всё / vis'O /\
Всегда́ / vsigdA / \
Вто́рник / vtOrnik /

Listen to it here

Explanation:


When we have a cluster of consonants, the following consonant influences the preceding. If the following consonant is unvoiced, it makes the preceding consonant unvoiced too. Consequently we should pronounce the letter "в" in the given words as / ф /.\
When students don't know this rule, they pronounce this letter as / v / or often with an additional aftersound / vi / which is wrong and confuses the meaning. For example, when you say вчера́ as / vichirA / it sounds like "вечера́".

Correct usage:


Вчера́ / fchirA /\
Все / fs'E /\
Всё / fs'O /\
Всегда́ / fsigdA / \
Вто́рник / ftOrnik /


Listen to it here

5. "Пробле́м" или "Пробле́ма"


The English expression "No problem!" is translated in Russian as "Нет пробле́м!"

Mistake:


У меня́ пробле́м с компью́тером.

Explanation:


The reason why students are often confused about this word is very simple. In the English expression "no problem", the word "problem" is in singular form, but in Russian - "нет проблем", it is the Genitive Case Plural form of the word "проблема", which is feminine.

Correct usage:


У меня́ пробле́ма с компью́тером.

У нас была́ пробле́ма с компью́тером.

У неё бы́ли пробле́мы с компью́тером.
Она реша́ла свои́ пробле́мы с компью́тером, а я реши́л, что лу́чше пойти́ погуля́ть.


-До́ктор, у меня́ температу́ра! Что мне де́лать?\
-Вы чита́ли дре́вних фило́софов? Причи́ны пробле́м ну́жно иска́ть в себе́!

-Маши́на не е́дет.\
-В чём пробле́ма?\
-Дви́гатель в поря́дке... Тогда́, наве́рное, пробле́ма в аккумуля́торе.

Я хочу́ купи́ть ры́бу. Но пробле́ма в том, что моя́ жена́ забы́ла кошелёк до́ма, а у меня́ кошелька́ нет.

-Я хочу́ прие́хать на конфере́нцию. \
-Тогда́ в чём пробле́ма?\
-Пробле́ма состои́т в том, что после́дний рейс в Рим уже́ улете́л.\
-Мужчи́на, Вы уже в Риме!\
-Ой! Тогда́ у меня́ серьёзные пробле́мы с па́мятью!

Thanks for reading!
Русский Tutor Yevgheniy
$21.00
USD/h

Yevgheniy

Flag
(41)
Flag Русский
Россия
59
Русский
Родной
,
Английский
C2
,
Французский
A1
Hello! I'm a professional certified teacher of Russian with 10 years of teaching experience and 2000+ online lessons taught. I offer you both my expertise and my passion for the language! Whether beginner or advanced, you will learn new things about Russian from day one! Feel free to schedule a trial lesson! Dear students, please, note: Trial lesson: 30 minutes Usual lesson: 55 minutes ✔ About me: I am a native Russian speaker from Moscow. I studied in Moscow State University Russian Language Center. In my lessons I follow TORFL (Test of Russian Language for Foreigners (ТРКИ)) standards. I am interested in literature, languages, and linguistics. I am well-read and will be happy to teach you classical Russian! ✔ I offer: - General Russian Course (A1-C2) + the language of your professional specialization (optional) (55 minute lessons) - Russian Accent Reduction Course (55 minute lessons) ✔ You help: - 0.7% of money is donated to free educational projects in Russia ✔ My language teaching experience: - 10+ years of language exchange and teaching - 5+ complex group courses - 2k+ individual lessons ✔ My education: - ННГАСУ — NNGASU, N.Novgorod '07-'11 - РГГУ — RSUH, Moscow '12-'13 - The course on History of ancient Russian language in (УДП — DPU), Moscow '12-'14 - The course on the methodology of teaching of Russian as a foreign language. MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY Russian Language Centre (МГУ), '16 - РГГУ — RSUH, Moscow '16-now ✔ You can expect: - PERSONAL APPROACH - ADDITIONAL MATERIALS for the lessons - MONITORING OF YOUR PROGRESS - YOUR MESSAGES ANSWERED WITHIN 24 HOURS - HIGH SPEED (50Mbit/s bandwidth) STABLE INTERNET ON MY SIDE. - HQ AUDIO. I use a PROFESSIONAL STUDIO MICROPHONE. ✔
$21.00
USD/h
Flag Русский
Россия
59
Русский
Родной
,
Английский
C2
,
Французский
A1
Hello! I'm a professional certified teacher of Russian with 10 years of teaching experience and 2000+ online lessons taught. I offer you both my expertise and my passion for the language! Whether beginner or advanced, you will learn new things about Russian from day one! Feel free to schedule a trial lesson! Dear students, please, note: Trial lesson: 30 minutes Usual lesson: 55 minutes ✔ About me: I am a native Russian speaker from Moscow. I studied in Moscow State University Russian Language Center. In my lessons I follow TORFL (Test of Russian Language for Foreigners (ТРКИ)) standards. I am interested in literature, languages, and linguistics. I am well-read and will be happy to teach you classical Russian! ✔ I offer: - General Russian Course (A1-C2) + the language of your professional specialization (optional) (55 minute lessons) - Russian Accent Reduction Course (55 minute lessons) ✔ You help: - 0.7% of money is donated to free educational projects in Russia ✔ My language teaching experience: - 10+ years of language exchange and teaching - 5+ complex group courses - 2k+ individual lessons ✔ My education: - ННГАСУ — NNGASU, N.Novgorod '07-'11 - РГГУ — RSUH, Moscow '12-'13 - The course on History of ancient Russian language in (УДП — DPU), Moscow '12-'14 - The course on the methodology of teaching of Russian as a foreign language. MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY Russian Language Centre (МГУ), '16 - РГГУ — RSUH, Moscow '16-now ✔ You can expect: - PERSONAL APPROACH - ADDITIONAL MATERIALS for the lessons - MONITORING OF YOUR PROGRESS - YOUR MESSAGES ANSWERED WITHIN 24 HOURS - HIGH SPEED (50Mbit/s bandwidth) STABLE INTERNET ON MY SIDE. - HQ AUDIO. I use a PROFESSIONAL STUDIO MICROPHONE. ✔

Статьи, которые могут вам понравиться