5 Common Mistakes in Russian

🎧This is the YouTube version of my article:🙂🎧


1. Не. / n'e / or / n'i /?

Mistake:


не чита́ю
не люблю́
не он
не она́

I often hear students read "не" separately from the word and pronounce it as "nje" or "n'e". It's a mistake.

Explanation:

The particle "не" is always unstressed and is always read together with the following word making one phonetic word.

Correct usage:


не чита́ю / n'ichitAju /
не люблю́ / n'il'ubl'U /
не он / n'iOn /
не она́ / n'ianA /



Exceptions:

\
не́ был / n'Ebɨl /
не была́ / nibɨlA /*
не́ было / n'Ebɨla /

не́ были / n'Ebɨli /

*не была́ " is not an exception, it follows the general rule.


2. Unstressed "о".


Mistake:


молоко́ / molokO /
под столо́м / potstolOm /
дожди́ /dozhd'I /


Explanation:

Vowels can be either stressed or unstressed. The unstressed vowels undergo the reduction effects. One of the most important quality reduction effects is called "А́канье": Unstressed letter "о" should be read as / а /.

Correct usage:


молоко́ / malakO / \
под столо́м / patstalOm /*
дождь / dOsht' /

But : \
дожди́ / dazhd'I /


*The preposition "под" (as the overwhelming majority of prepositions) gets connected to the following word and makes one phonetic word. Consequently (considering the fact that there can be only one stress in a word) "под" is unstressed and we apply "Аканье effect". And / д / becomes / т / because of the following unvoiced "c".

3. Потому́ что.


Mistake:


Потому́ что он не позвони́л мне, я забы́ла купи́ть о́вощи.

Explanation:


The conjunction "потому́ что" cannot begin the sentence.

Correct usage:


Я забы́ла купи́ть о́вощи, потому́ что он не позвони́л мне.
Так как он не позвони́л мне, я забы́ла купи́ть о́вощи.

4. Вчера́, Все, Всё, Всегда́, Вто́рник, etc.


Mistake:


Вчера́ / vichirA /
Все / vis'E /
Всё / vis'O /
Всегда́ / vsigdA /
Вто́рник / vtOrnik


Explanation:


When we have a cluster of consonants, the following consonant influences the preceding. If the following consonant is unvoiced, it makes the preceding consonant unvoiced too. Consequently we should pronounce the letter "в" in the given words as / ф /.\
When students don't know this rule, they pronounce this letter as / v / or often with an additional aftersound / vi / which is wrong and confuses the meaning. For example, when you say вчера́ as / vichirA / it sounds like "вечера́".

Correct usage:


Вчера́ / fchirA /
Все / fs'E /
Всё / fs'O /
Всегда́ / fsigdA /
Вто́рник / ftOrnik /



5. "Пробле́м" или "Пробле́ма"


The English expression "No problem!" should be translated to Russian as "Нет пробле́м!"

Mistake:


У меня́ пробле́м с компью́тером.

Explanation:


The reason why students are often confused about this word is very simple. In the English expression "no problem", the word "problem" is in singular form, but in Russian - "нет проблем", it is the Genitive Case Plural form of the word "проблема", which is feminine.

Correct usage:


У меня́ пробле́ма с компью́тером.

У нас была́ пробле́ма с компью́тером.

У неё бы́ли пробле́мы с компью́тером.
Она реша́ла свои́ пробле́мы с компью́тером, а я реши́л, что лу́чше пойти́ погуля́ть.


-До́ктор, у меня́ температу́ра! Что мне де́лать?
-Вы чита́ли дре́вних фило́софов? Причи́ны пробле́м ну́жно иска́ть в себе́!

-Маши́на не е́дет.
-В чём пробле́ма?
-Дви́гатель в поря́дке... Тогда́, наве́рное, пробле́ма в аккумуля́торе.

Я хочу́ купи́ть ры́бу. Но пробле́ма в том, что моя́ жена́ забы́ла кошелёк до́ма, а у меня́ кошелька́ нет.

-Я хочу́ прие́хать на конфере́нцию.
-Тогда́ в чём пробле́ма?
-Пробле́ма состои́т в том, что после́дний рейс в Рим уже́ улете́л.
-Мужчи́на, Вы уже в Риме!
-Ой! Тогда́ у меня́ серьёзные пробле́мы с па́мятью!

Thanks for reading!😉
30 октября 2018 г.
Profile Picture
$19
$17.10
USD/ч

Евгений (Eugene) Guzanov

security_checked
5.0
$19
$17.10
USD/ч
Flag
Русский
globe
Россия
time
276
Язык(-и) общения:
Русский
Родной
,
Английский
C2
,
Французский
A1
,
Персидский
Hello! I'm a professional certified teacher of Russian with 10 years of teaching experience and 4700+ online lessons taught. I offer you both my expertise and my passion for the language! Whether beginner or advanced, you will learn new things about Russian from day one! MY LESSONS DURATION: Trial lesson: 30 minutes Usual lesson: 55 minutes I check homework assignments with you in class. RESCHEDULING & CANCELLATION: Rescheduling or cancellation with 100% refund is possible if there is more than 12 hours before the lesson time begins when you send the request. If there is LESS than 12 hours before the lesson time begins, you can send me a cancellation request and receive a 50% refund. ✔ About me: I am a native Russian speaker from Moscow. I studied in Moscow State University Russian Language Center. In my lessons I follow TORFL (Test of Russian Language for Foreigners (ТРКИ)) standards. I am interested in literature, languages, and linguistics. I am well-read and will be happy to teach you classical Russian! I also hold a bachelor's degree in Religious Studies and I am interested in cultures and religions of the world. ✔ I offer: - General Russian Course (A1-C2) + the language of your professional specialization (optional) (55 minute lessons) - Russian Accent Reduction Course (55 minute lessons) ✔ My language teaching experience: - 10+ years of language exchange and teaching - 5+ complex group courses - 4700+ individual lessons ✔ My education: - ННГАСУ — Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Architecture), N.Novgorod, 2011 - The course on History of ancient Russian language in (УДП — Dmitry Pozharsky University), Moscow, 2014 - The course on the methodology of teaching of Russian as a foreign language. Moscow State University Russian Language Centre (Центр русского языка МГУ ), 2016 - РГГУ — Russian State University for Humanities. Center for the Study of Religion (Bachelor's Degree in Religious studies), Moscow, 2019 ✔ You can expect: - PERSONAL APPROACH - ADDITIONAL MATERIALS for the lessons - MONITORING OF YOUR PROGRESS - YOUR MESSAGES ANSWERED WITHIN 24 HOURS - HIGH SPEED (75Mbit/s bandwidth) STABLE INTERNET ON MY SIDE. - HQ AUDIO. I use a PROFESSIONAL STUDIO MICROPHONE.
Flag
Русский
globe
Россия
time
276
Язык(-и) общения:
Русский
Родной
,
Английский
C2
,
Французский
A1
,
Персидский
Hello! I'm a professional certified teacher of Russian with 10 years of teaching experience and 4700+ online lessons taught. I offer you both my expertise and my passion for the language! Whether beginner or advanced, you will learn new things about Russian from day one! MY LESSONS DURATION: Trial lesson: 30 minutes Usual lesson: 55 minutes I check homework assignments with you in class. RESCHEDULING & CANCELLATION: Rescheduling or cancellation with 100% refund is possible if there is more than 12 hours before the lesson time begins when you send the request. If there is LESS than 12 hours before the lesson time begins, you can send me a cancellation request and receive a 50% refund. ✔ About me: I am a native Russian speaker from Moscow. I studied in Moscow State University Russian Language Center. In my lessons I follow TORFL (Test of Russian Language for Foreigners (ТРКИ)) standards. I am interested in literature, languages, and linguistics. I am well-read and will be happy to teach you classical Russian! I also hold a bachelor's degree in Religious Studies and I am interested in cultures and religions of the world. ✔ I offer: - General Russian Course (A1-C2) + the language of your professional specialization (optional) (55 minute lessons) - Russian Accent Reduction Course (55 minute lessons) ✔ My language teaching experience: - 10+ years of language exchange and teaching - 5+ complex group courses - 4700+ individual lessons ✔ My education: - ННГАСУ — Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Architecture), N.Novgorod, 2011 - The course on History of ancient Russian language in (УДП — Dmitry Pozharsky University), Moscow, 2014 - The course on the methodology of teaching of Russian as a foreign language. Moscow State University Russian Language Centre (Центр русского языка МГУ ), 2016 - РГГУ — Russian State University for Humanities. Center for the Study of Religion (Bachelor's Degree in Religious studies), Moscow, 2019 ✔ You can expect: - PERSONAL APPROACH - ADDITIONAL MATERIALS for the lessons - MONITORING OF YOUR PROGRESS - YOUR MESSAGES ANSWERED WITHIN 24 HOURS - HIGH SPEED (75Mbit/s bandwidth) STABLE INTERNET ON MY SIDE. - HQ AUDIO. I use a PROFESSIONAL STUDIO MICROPHONE.
Mi vida antes del Covid- 19 (IMPERFECTO) A-2
Profile Picture
Alejandra Santiago
7 августа 2020 г.
팔랑귀
Profile Picture
Abby H
7 августа 2020 г.
The Origins of popular English Idioms
Profile Picture
Jen Mc Monagle
7 августа 2020 г.