French Gender -> How to guess whether a noun is feminine or masculine ?

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Arthur DiotФранцузский
1 мая 2018 г.
93
минута
Bonjour à toutes et à tous !

A very common nightmare for French students is the gender ! Why "une chaise" (a chaire) is feminine and "un canapé" (a sofa) masculine ?

Well, a very interesting study by McGill University tells us that we can actually find the gender of a French noun with more than 90% accuracy just by looking at its ending ! Oulala !

Let's have a look.

You can be 90% sure that these are masculine noun endings:

-an, -and, -ant, -ent, -in, -int, -om, -ond, -ont, -on (but not after s/c¸)
-eau, -au, -aud, -aut, -o, -os, -ot
-ai, -ais, -ait, -es, -et
-ou, -out, -out, -oux
-i, -il, -it, -is, -y
-at, -as, -ois, -oit
-u, -us, -ut, -eu
-er, -e´after C
-age, -ege, – eme, -ome/- ome, -aume, -isme
-as, -is, -os, -us, -ex
-it, -est
-al, -el, -il, -ol, -eul, -all
-if, -ef
-ac, -ic, -oc, -uc
-am, -um, -en
-air, -er, -erf, -ert, -ar, -arc, -ars, -art, -our, -ours, -or, -ord, -ors, -ort, -ir, -oir, -eur
-ail, -eil, -euil, -ueil
-ing

You can be 90% sure that these are feminine noun endings:

-aie, -oue, -eue, -ion, -te, – ´ ee, -ie, -ue
-asse, -ace, -esse, -ece, -aisse, -isse/-ice, -ousse, -ance, -anse, -ence, -once
-enne, -onne, -une, -ine, -aine, -eine, -erne
-ande, -ende, -onde, -ade, -ude, -arde, -orde
-euse, -ouse, -ase, -aise, -ese, -oise, -ise, -yse, -ose, -use
-ache, -iche, -eche, -oche, -uche, -ouche, -anche
-ave, -eve, -ive
-iere, -ure, -eure
-ette, -ete, – ˆ ete, -atte, -otte, -oute, -orte, -ante, -ente, -inte, -onte
-alle, -elle, -ille, -olle
-aille, -eille, -ouille
-appe, -ampe, -ombe
-igue

Ok, I agree, that's still a lot to remember. Mais c'est toujours mieux que rien non ? :)


Here is the link for the McGill study : https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-french-language-studies/article/predictability-in-french-gender-attribution-a-corpus-analysis/1614CE6C046E4C05A9DBBCD3321327F4


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Французский
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Франция
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59
Французский
Родной
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Английский
C1
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Испанский
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Арабский
Bonjour à tous ! Hello ! My name is Arthur, I'm native French from Paris. Graduated in anthropology and philosophy, I've been teaching french since 2012, in London, Tokyo and Granada. After completing my bachelor in Philosophy from La Sorbonne University in Paris, I started a Master Degree in Anthropology from the School of Oriental and African Studies of London, city where I began to specialised myself in the teaching of French. After completing my MA, I decided to go to Tokyo where I worked for the Alliance Française 2 years, first as an assistant and after as a french teacher. Currently living between Paris and Andalusia, I work as a blogger and freelance journalist for French magazines, and also as a French teacher in the south of Spain. Whether you want to learn or improve your French for your job, your studies or as a hobby, I adapt each of my lesson to what you are interested in. Grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation and daily conversation, I will give you the keys to speak a perfect French. The goal of all my classes is to give my students the tools that will allow them to be able to communicate with ease in spoken and written French. We will achieve this through the constant development of their linguistic abilities and cultural knowledge. With time and effort, my students will: 1) improve their spoken French through discussions. 2) improve their written French through writing about literary, cultural, and/or political topics. 3) obtain a better understanding of the French-speaking world through engaging with literary texts, newspaper articles, reports, films, etc. In order to achieve their goal, my students can send me as much writing as you want. (academic, creative, administrative etc..) I will take the time to correct them and add comments.
Flag
Французский
globe
Франция
time
59
Французский
Родной
,
Английский
C1
,
Испанский
,
Арабский
Bonjour à tous ! Hello ! My name is Arthur, I'm native French from Paris. Graduated in anthropology and philosophy, I've been teaching french since 2012, in London, Tokyo and Granada. After completing my bachelor in Philosophy from La Sorbonne University in Paris, I started a Master Degree in Anthropology from the School of Oriental and African Studies of London, city where I began to specialised myself in the teaching of French. After completing my MA, I decided to go to Tokyo where I worked for the Alliance Française 2 years, first as an assistant and after as a french teacher. Currently living between Paris and Andalusia, I work as a blogger and freelance journalist for French magazines, and also as a French teacher in the south of Spain. Whether you want to learn or improve your French for your job, your studies or as a hobby, I adapt each of my lesson to what you are interested in. Grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation and daily conversation, I will give you the keys to speak a perfect French. The goal of all my classes is to give my students the tools that will allow them to be able to communicate with ease in spoken and written French. We will achieve this through the constant development of their linguistic abilities and cultural knowledge. With time and effort, my students will: 1) improve their spoken French through discussions. 2) improve their written French through writing about literary, cultural, and/or political topics. 3) obtain a better understanding of the French-speaking world through engaging with literary texts, newspaper articles, reports, films, etc. In order to achieve their goal, my students can send me as much writing as you want. (academic, creative, administrative etc..) I will take the time to correct them and add comments.

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