"Pretḁ" (hungry Ghost), the supernatural being in Buddhist beliefs (Thai Study).


Pretḁ (from Sanskrit language), (Pret in Thai language) also known as hungry ghost, is the name for a type of supernatural being described in Hinduism, Buddhism. A transient state between death and obtaining karmic rebirth in accordance with the person's fate in previous life deed.

Preta ghost in Thailand is believed to happen to those who have hit and scolded their parents or corrupted greedily while they were alive. After death, by a result of karma, they are afflicted with an insatiable hunger but are not able to eat due to the mouth cavity becomes small as a needle hole even though the deceased's family engages in rituals and offerings to help them be full somehow.


Some Pretas are overarched above their head by the circle-sharpen weapon (Kong-Jakkra), which slashes them to repeatedly death and rebirth in Samsara (cycle of death & rebirth).

In Thailand, there are various soap operas & TV dramas that seem vacuous plots. Yet, you can still find productive dramas related to karma and deed. One of the productive-popular dramas names "Pret of Wat Suthat (เปรตวัดสุทัศน์)" which presented in 2003, describes how your bad deed brings you into Preta; a transient state after death but suffering as if it happens eternally.

There are interesting Thai words & phrases in Buddhist aspect as you can learn from the lyrics of dramatic song as follows:
คำศัพท์จากเพลง (vocabulary from Song)
วิญญาณ /Win yaan/ = soul, spirit.
ทรมาน /Toramaan/ = torture
กงจักร /Kong-Ja̍kk/ = the circle-sharpen weapon
กรด /Gro̍d/ = acid
สุดทน /Su̍d ton/ = unbearable /unbearably
กบาล /kabaan/ = it is an archaic word of "head"
(currently used in negative talk means "on your bloody head")

โหยหา /Hŭoi Hăa/ = be crave for
โหยหิว /Hŭoi Hĭw = be hunger
หวีดร้อง /We̍ed róng/ = scream
เลือด /Lə́ad/ = blood
หนอง /nŏng/ = pus
เวียนว่ายตายเกิด /wian wáai dtaai kə̍rd/ = samsara (the cycle of death & rebirth)
กรรม /kam/ = Karma
บาป /baap/ = sin
สันดาน /Săn daan/ = deep habit that one(s) never change (mostly used in the negative talk)
ชั่วกัปป์ชั่วกัลป์ /Chûa ka̍p chûa kalp̥/ = eternity, forever (mostly used in the religious talk)
นรก /narok, narókḁ/ = Hell, inferno
อาลัย /aa lai/ = be mourn, be sorrowful

Thai Idioms that commonly used in Religious talk

**ใต้เถรเทวทัต /dtâi-tĕn dhevathat/** = (อเวจี avechi, aveji)
meaning: the worst inferno to the same degree where the Prince Dhevathat was.

เทวทัต /the prince dhevathat/
meaning: one of the Lord Buddha's relatives who had the malicious intention to the Lord Buddha's life).
กงกรรมกงเกวียน /Kong kam kong kwian/
meaning: the (bad) consequences turn to you from what you did.

กงเกวียนกรรมเกวียน /Kong kwian kam kwian/
meaning: the (bad) consequences turn to you from what you did.

เห็นผิดเป็นชอบ /Hĕn pi̍d bpen chôab/
meaning: being blind for doing sinfulness but thought it's goodness.
เห็นกงจักรเป็นดอกบัว /Hĕn kong ja̍kk bpen do̍ak bua/
meaning: being blind for doing sinfulness but thought it's goodness.





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🖋Experienced Thai Instructor with own unique grammatical lessons. 🖋Airlines Marketing Planner, skilled in Thai-Eng advertising creation & teaching Thai for Business. WHAT SHOULD YOU EXPECT FROM MY LESSONS? ֎ A friendly teacher & Fluent in English speaking & writing. ֎ Experienced in teaching Thai language (beginner-intermediate-advanced levels) to English speakers. ֎ Experienced in teaching Thai language (Only Basic Levels) to French speakers. ֎ Help you to build your confidence when speaking and help you to improve Thai accent & correct your pronunciation. ֎ You can raise up the question at all-time during a class. there is homework after a class finished (of course, just proposed not imposed) ֎ I found that there are Thai Teaching books to foreigners or even websites giving you lots of sentences without explaining to you the grammatical structure or roots. You can copy their sentences to speak but may not be able to adapt for a better talk when you encounter a different situation. So, I created by myself the teaching structure through my own materials like PDF, Google.doc that you can retrieve the document whenever you want. ֎ I also found some outdated teaching styles for example, "Kam-lang" means doing something (present continuous Tense). Even though it’s correct and many foreign students are taught to use it, meanwhile native Thais use only "Yùu" at the end of sentences to mean doing something. Because actually, "Kam-lang" is used when you are going to do something but not when you are doing something, or it is used just to emphasize "Yùu" (except you are being............, then we use "Kam-lang"). My goal is to help you talk Thai like Natives do. 🏅QUALIFICATION & EXPERIENCE ֎ 2.7-year teaching Thai to foreigners from beginner to advanced level, focusing on speaking & listening skills which are more useful to the daily situations when you are in Thailand. ֎ Over 10-year experience in the Marketing Department to 5 Stars Hotels & 2 International Airlines. Being spokesperson & proofreader to both Thai-Eng for Airline Advertising campaigns. ֎ Graduated with a Bachelor's degree in 2006. Gained the top grade in Thai Language Study every semester since Element school - University. ֎ An Award of Thai Rhyme-Poem in 2002. 🏅 LESSON STRUCTURES 1. Beginner: 15 Basic Sentences & basic verbs, Pronoun, Tourist survival sentences, Daily conversation, WH Question, Love & Relationship, Family & Friends, Numbers & Clock, Food & Restaurants, Souvenirs & Shops, how to call Taxi and telling the direction, Bargain & Price Negotiations, Hospital & Health, Visa in Thailand. 2. Thai Structure: Thai Alphabets & Pronunciation of Thai characters in the initial position, Vowels & Regulations of Short-long Sound Vowels, Final Consonants, 5 tones pronunciation & Tone possessive, The soft-short sound of "a vowel", Verbs, Adverbs & Adjectives, Conjunctions. 3. Intermediate: Noun-Classifier, Character/feeling/Behavior, Tenses and Adverb of Time, Able & not able, How to change verbs & adjective to gerunds, The final particles (na, ja, kha, khrab, la, bpao, si, jang, Rok), Antonym/Synonym/Homophone, 4. Advanced: Work Environment in Thailand, Business Regulations in Thailand, Thai Cultures & Traditions, Superstition & beliefs, Metaphor, Frequently Idioms & Proverbs, Learn Thai from songs, Thai Slang. 5. Expert: Learn Thai from News & Articles, Poems (1.Thai octameter poem 2.Thai quatrain Poem 3.Thai consists of 11 syllables Poem) Formal & Royal Vocabulary, Crime & Legal, Buddhist talk, The origin and root of Thai Language.
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🖋Experienced Thai Instructor with own unique grammatical lessons. 🖋Airlines Marketing Planner, skilled in Thai-Eng advertising creation & teaching Thai for Business. WHAT SHOULD YOU EXPECT FROM MY LESSONS? ֎ A friendly teacher & Fluent in English speaking & writing. ֎ Experienced in teaching Thai language (beginner-intermediate-advanced levels) to English speakers. ֎ Experienced in teaching Thai language (Only Basic Levels) to French speakers. ֎ Help you to build your confidence when speaking and help you to improve Thai accent & correct your pronunciation. ֎ You can raise up the question at all-time during a class. there is homework after a class finished (of course, just proposed not imposed) ֎ I found that there are Thai Teaching books to foreigners or even websites giving you lots of sentences without explaining to you the grammatical structure or roots. You can copy their sentences to speak but may not be able to adapt for a better talk when you encounter a different situation. So, I created by myself the teaching structure through my own materials like PDF, Google.doc that you can retrieve the document whenever you want. ֎ I also found some outdated teaching styles for example, "Kam-lang" means doing something (present continuous Tense). Even though it’s correct and many foreign students are taught to use it, meanwhile native Thais use only "Yùu" at the end of sentences to mean doing something. Because actually, "Kam-lang" is used when you are going to do something but not when you are doing something, or it is used just to emphasize "Yùu" (except you are being............, then we use "Kam-lang"). My goal is to help you talk Thai like Natives do. 🏅QUALIFICATION & EXPERIENCE ֎ 2.7-year teaching Thai to foreigners from beginner to advanced level, focusing on speaking & listening skills which are more useful to the daily situations when you are in Thailand. ֎ Over 10-year experience in the Marketing Department to 5 Stars Hotels & 2 International Airlines. Being spokesperson & proofreader to both Thai-Eng for Airline Advertising campaigns. ֎ Graduated with a Bachelor's degree in 2006. Gained the top grade in Thai Language Study every semester since Element school - University. ֎ An Award of Thai Rhyme-Poem in 2002. 🏅 LESSON STRUCTURES 1. Beginner: 15 Basic Sentences & basic verbs, Pronoun, Tourist survival sentences, Daily conversation, WH Question, Love & Relationship, Family & Friends, Numbers & Clock, Food & Restaurants, Souvenirs & Shops, how to call Taxi and telling the direction, Bargain & Price Negotiations, Hospital & Health, Visa in Thailand. 2. Thai Structure: Thai Alphabets & Pronunciation of Thai characters in the initial position, Vowels & Regulations of Short-long Sound Vowels, Final Consonants, 5 tones pronunciation & Tone possessive, The soft-short sound of "a vowel", Verbs, Adverbs & Adjectives, Conjunctions. 3. Intermediate: Noun-Classifier, Character/feeling/Behavior, Tenses and Adverb of Time, Able & not able, How to change verbs & adjective to gerunds, The final particles (na, ja, kha, khrab, la, bpao, si, jang, Rok), Antonym/Synonym/Homophone, 4. Advanced: Work Environment in Thailand, Business Regulations in Thailand, Thai Cultures & Traditions, Superstition & beliefs, Metaphor, Frequently Idioms & Proverbs, Learn Thai from songs, Thai Slang. 5. Expert: Learn Thai from News & Articles, Poems (1.Thai octameter poem 2.Thai quatrain Poem 3.Thai consists of 11 syllables Poem) Formal & Royal Vocabulary, Crime & Legal, Buddhist talk, The origin and root of Thai Language.
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